INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONTRIBUTORS
TITLE (Arial 14, Caps lock, Bold)
Author’s full name (Arial 14, Bold, centre)* before the corresponding author
Affiliation and address (Arial, 12, italic)
E-mail: (Arial, 12, italic)
Corresponding author (*)
Abstract: (Arial 14, Bold, Centre)
Please write your abstract here. No more than 500 words
Keywords: (Arial, 12 italics)
- Include some words from the title and others that identify:
- Common and scientific names of principal organisms in the manuscript;
- The geographic area, usually the state, province, or equivalent, or region if its name is well known;
- Phenomena and entities studied (e.g., behaviour, populations, radiotelemetry, habitat, nutrition, density estimation, reproduction);
- Methods (only if the manuscript describes a new or improved method);
- Other words not covered above but useful for indexing.
Introduction (Arial 12, Bold)
It starts with the publication name and contains a concise synthesis of literature specific to the manuscript’s main topic. In the latter part of this section, state the objectives of the study and the hypotheses tested.
Methods and Materials (Arial 12, Bold)
- Methods should be clear and brief and include dates, sampling schemes, duration, research or experimental design and data analyses.
- Cite previously published methods without explanation.
- Identify new or modified methods and explain them in a bit of detail.
- Include all materials, substances, apparatuses and techniques used in sufficient detail to allow other investigators to reproduce the study.
- Avoid overlapping text with information in tables and figures.
- Give references to established methods, including statistical methods (results of statistical analysis should justify the interpretations and conclusions).
- Always try to describe the magnitude of the biological effect in addition to the results of statistical analyses. That is, terms such as “fewer” or “smaller” tell us little, and stating that something was “statistically different (p < 0.01)” without giving the actual difference conveys little meaning to the reader.
- The preparation method, equipment, and measurements will be expressed by SI units. Avoid using trademarks and brand names of equipment and reagents.
Results (Arial 12, Bold)
Summarize the data collected and their statistical treatment. Include only relevant data, but give sufficient detail to justify your conclusions. Use equations, figures, and tables only where necessary for clarity.
Discussion (Arial 12, Bold)
- The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and compare the results.
- The discussion provides an opportunity for interpreting data and making literature comparisons.
- Begin the discussion by synthesizing your results with regard to your objectives and then relate your work to other literature and research.
- Please consider the following; relate your results to current knowledge in the issue and to your original purpose in undertaking the project: have you resolved the problem? What exactly have you contributed? Briefly state the logical implications of your results. Suggest further study or applications if warranted.
- Present your results and discussion either as two separate sections or as one combined section if it is more logical to do so.
Conclusion (if needed) (Arial 12, Bold)
The purpose of the Conclusion section is to put the interpretation into the context of the original problem.
Do not repeat discussion points or include irrelevant material. Your conclusions should be based on the evidence presented.
Acknowledgements (Arial 12, Bold)
The Acknowledgments section appears immediately before the References section. As simply as possible, thank those persons, other than coauthors, who added substantially to the work, provided advice or technical assistance or aided materially by providing equipment or supplies.
References (Arial 12, Bold)
Each entry in the list should use the style Reference.
The reference list follows The Chicago Manual of Style, fifteenth edition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003) and is organized alphabetically by the author’s name. Article titles use the “Sentence case” style from MSWord.
Italicize the name of a book or journal. Where URLs (web addresses) are cited, the web address may be set in Courier font. Note the following examples:
Chiva-Gomez, R. 2003. The facilitating factors for organizational learning: Bringing ideas from complex adaptive systems. Knowledge and Process Management 10 (2):99–114
Holt, J. 2004. UML for systems engineering. A pragmatic guide to business process modelling. Swindon: The British Computer Society. INCOSE 2006 systems engineering handbook - a guide for system life cycle processes and activities, Version 3. ed. Cecilia Haskins.
Kamlani, D. 2005. ICT standards and the new arms race: The rule of 3 (+N). The standards edge: Future generation, ed. S. Bolin, 261–68. Ann Arbor, MI: Bolin Communications.
Temple, P., R. Witt, and C. Spencer. 2005. Standards and long-run growth in the U.K. In The empirical economics of standards. The UK.
Urie, A. 2005. The standardization ecosystem: Understanding organizational complexity. In The Standards edge, ed. S. Bolin. Ann Arbor, MI: Bolin
Bold, A. Birds of Ugii lake, Mongolia. Amphibians, Reptiles and Birds 2:45-51. (in Mongolian)
(Mankins 1995); (Temple et al. 2005) or Temple et al. (2005); (Urie and Sheard 2005) or Urie and Sheard (2005)
Tables and Figures
- Submit only essential tables and figures. Construct tables in Microsoft Word. Use Arial font. Each table, numbered with Arabic numbers in the order in which they are to appear, must be on a separate page at the end of the text, with the table number and an appropriate.
- Tables should have titles that provide sufficient detail in a legend immediately following the title (if necessary) to be understandable without reference to the text.
- Table and figure titles must include the species or subject of the data studied and when and where (region/state and country) the data were collected.
- Do not submit tables if the information overlaps with information presented in the text, can be easily printed in the text with less journal space, or presents the same data in another table or a figure.
- Number tables and figures independently.
- Reference tables and figures parenthetically (Table 1, Figure 3) and avoid statements such as, “The results are shown in Tables 2-9.”
- Do not include statistics (e.g. p-values) or other statements of results in the titles.
- Do not prepare tables for small data sets, those containing many blank spaces, zeros, repetitions of the same number, or those with few or no significant data. Put such data, or a summary of them, in the text.
- For data that must be shown in a table, items that provide the most important comparisons usually read vertically, not horizontally.
- Construct tables with column-widths no wider than 85 mm (~3.5 inches) when printed.
- Do not combine multiple tables or figures on one page
- All graphs, histograms, diagrams, charts, maps, or pictures are referred to as Figures and are numbered sequentially.
- Each figure must have a caption that contains sufficient detail to make the figure easily understood.
- Provide each figure on a new page immediately following the References. Each figure should have its own title (e.g. Fig. 1) and caption, placed above the figure.
- Figure size must fit within a maximum width of 210 mm and a maximum height of 290 mm.
- For lettering, use Arial font, 14 pt (12-14 pt inside figures is acceptable).
- The thickness of lines (including boxes) should be 0.5 pt (vary for contrast if necessary).
- The contrast between grey shades/patterns must be distinct.
- Graphs and histograms should preferably be two-dimensional with scale marks turning inwards. Most figures are either line (or computer) drawings or pictures.
- Do not submit colour figures unless you are able to pay for printing. Figure captions tend to be longer than table titles because figures are not footnoted. The caption may be several sentences and include brief suggestions for interpreting the figure content
Line drawing and pictures
- Line drawings and scanned pictures must have sharp focus in the most important parts of the image, have high tonal contrast, and have a reference scale if size is important (if it is essentially needed).
- Letters, scales, or pointers can be drawn on the prints, but they must be of professional quality.
- All image files must have a resolution of >300 dots per inch (dpi) and for black line drawings must be 600 dpi. We will tend to not retouch or resize photos, so submit only print-quality images.
Upon receipt, the editorial staff examines a manuscript for proper style, format, and appropriate subject matter.
If style and format are seriously flawed, the paper likely will be returned for revision. Editor’s reviews are submitted electronically to authors via Scientific Committee (SC).
ACCEPTANCE AND REJECTION POLICIES
- Decisions on final acceptance of manuscripts are made by the editors and the SC.
- Once a manuscript is accepted, it enters the queue for publication.
- At the discretion of the editors and SC members decision, a manuscript that is seriously flawed, poorly written, or requires more than two rounds of revisions may be published as an abstract only (not as a full paper).
- Page proofs of each paper are created by the Mongolian Ornithological Society and the National University of Mongolia and sent to the corresponding author.
- During the page proof stage, press deadlines are fast approaching and author corrections to page proofs are urgently needed, preferably within 48 hours of their receipt.
- It is important that authors address each and every comment from the editors and referees and clearly communicates their recommended changes.
- Make only essential changes to page proofs and ensure proofs are marked clearly.
Taxonomy and Nomenclature
Use English and scientific names as presented in Dickinson, E. C. (ed.) 2003: The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World: Third Edition. Princeton University Press. 1056 pp. or S. Gombobaatar (2009). Dictionary of Vertebrate Animals. Mongolian Ornithological Society. Ulaanbaatar8 Mongolia. P. 1-347. Or check the BirdLife international website.
Latin name of any species will be italic like Bubo bubo. Common or English name will be as follow: Great Bittern. If you use Latin and English name, you will follow the format as Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo)
Authors will generally be notified of provisional acceptance or rejection within two months. The editor retains the right to modify the style and length of a manuscript. For major changes, the author(s) will be consulted. The corresponding author will receive a page proof for approval. The journal provides a free electronic offprint in PDF format.